IVF is a form of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) in which egg and sperm are combined outside the female body. The process is carried out in a laboratory. After the embryo is formed, it is then placed in the uterus of the female carrier. In Bangkok, gender selection is legal, as Thailand is one of the few countries that allow most types of gender selection.
Gender selection is done to control the sex of the unborn baby. It can be achieved before or after implantation of the embryo. A sperm has either a Y chromosome or an X chromosome. Every egg has one X chromosome. When a sperm carrying an X chromosome fertilizes an egg, the offspring will be a girl. When a sperm carrying a Y chromosome fertilizes an egg, the offspring will be a boy. As you may guess, the chances of conceiving either a male child or female child are 50:50.
The Main Reasons to Select Gender
1. Family balancing. Many parents wish to balance the sex of their families. While methods of achieving balance through natural conception are illegal or generally considered unethical, parents have opportunities of balancing the sexes of their families through IVF gender selection.
2. Genetic defects. Some genetic disorders are sex-linked, and parents are naturally concerned about passing known genetic defects to their children. This is critical to the male child because defects can be expressed even when the genes are recessive.
3. The death of children. Children may die young due to various conditions, diseases or occurrences. Parents who want their next child to be of the same gender as the one they lost can do so through gender selection.
PGD (preimplantation genetic diagnosis) is the most accurate method of gender selection. The procedure involves analysis of DNA and cell structure from the created embryos. Usually, one or two cells from the embryo are enough to make a diagnosis.
The PGD procedure is done when the embryos are three days old. By the end of the second day, the sex of the embryos will be determined. After that, the embryo of the desired gender is implanted.
PGD tests not only the sex of the embryo but also other potential genetic disorders, to ensure the implanted embryo is healthy. This helps reduce the chances of miscarriage and increase the chances of survival after the birth of the maturing child and adult.
Gender selection is illegal in many countries including the UK, Australia, China, India etc. It is only allowed if there are medical reasons to back it up. However, it remains legal in Thailand, under certain circumstances. Whether or not a patient qualifies for PGD in Thailand is a decision that must be made by a qualified Thai medical practitioner.
However, it is legal in Thailand, provided the patient meets one of the criteria below:
1. The wife should be 35 years or older.
2. Have a history of two or more miscarriages.
3. Have a history of abnormal pregnancy.
4. The husband or wife possess an abnormal gene.
5. Patient has done at least two or more IVF treatments, but was not successful.
Additionally, in Bangkok, IVF gender selection cost is low, that is why different patients prefer to get the treatment at reliable Bangkok fertility clinics such as Piyavate or JCI-accredited Bangkok Hospital.
The stigma and risks once associated with conceiving through IVF have been greatly reduced. Aside from the the affordability of IVF Bangkok, the ease and legality of gender selection attracts foreign patients to Thailand for this treatment.
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